There are many dangers that arise during the summer that could threaten family safety and result in an emergency room trip. A Southern California doctor recently wrote a book describing the many situations they’ve encountered in the ER. He also offered advice on how to prevent injuries in warmer weather. Whenever opening windows inside the home, he urges residents to never push on the glass, because this may result in forearm lacerations. Window guards must be installed in homes with children under the age of 10 inside the house. There is also the risk of a child falling through a window. The family’s tetanus immunizations should be kept up-to-date, he also advises. Clostridium tetani, a fatal bacterium, thrives in soil and can get into anybody’s body if they are cut or by a small splinter. Children must get the DTaP series of immunizations, and adults should be given a booster shot every 10 years. Many other various hazards can be found outside, such as mosquitoes that transmit the West Nile viruses or ticks that transmit Lyme disease. DEET helps deter against both. A mosquito population can also be reduced around a home by getting rid of standing water. When mowing the lawn, he advises clearing the lawn of any sticks and stones first that could harm a child if thrown. Whenever hiking outside, make sure to stay on marked trails. Let others know where you’re going and when you will be back. If you get lost or caught in a storm, it may be best to stay where emergency crews can find you. Always use the buddy system whenever hiking and bring water, sunscreen, and extra clothing, along with a compass, knife, and non-perishable food. The doctor advises using a “bear bell” on a wrist, ankle, belt, or backpack to help scare away a potential threat. In hot weather, heatstroke may also happen while exercising outdoors. Elderly adults are especially vulnerable to heatstroke, and they are advised to stay out of the sun and drink cool liquids. Foot injuries are also more likely during summer weather since many don’t wear their shoes. The doctor treated broken toes on a patient after taking a bathroom trip in the middle of the night. Swim shoes must be used in all public showers and around pools and beaches to help prevent athlete’s foot and keep feet comfortable while on the hot sand. Take necessary supplies whenever on road trips, as well, according to news reports.